In Japanese, shokei means to pass down, succeed or inherit, and kan means a building, hall or museum.
Shokei-kan was chosen as the name of this facility, as it amply reflects its purpose of conveying or passing down the hardships endured by sick and wounded servicemen, as well as their families, etc. In the Japanese name, shokei is not written in kanji (Chinese characters) but in hiragana phonetic script, making it easier to read.
The subtitle "Historical Materials Hall for the Wounded and Sick Retired Soldiers, etc." was added to convey the nature of the facility.